INTIMACY VS. ISOLATION
Psycho Social Stage of Development
Psycho Social Stage of Development
Erikson's model of psychosocial development is a very unusual, highly regarded and meaningful concept. Life is a series of lessons and challenges which help us to grow. Erikson's brilliant theory helps to tell us why. The theory is helpful for child development and adults too. Erik Erikson first published his eight stage theory of human development in his 1950 book Childhood and Society. In this paper, my psychosocial development stage is discussed which is Sixth intimacy vs. isolation, and the psychological changes at each stages are reviewed. From the birth till death a person is developed continuously. Now it is very important to know the significance of these eight stages in the individual's life. Each stage plays a great role in development of an individual (Miller, 1983).
Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory
I'm sure most of the people must have heard the term "identity crisis" before. She thought of as a conflict of individual and society, and its introduction came from a psycho-analyst of the most famous 20th century. During life, we are all changing and evolving. However, in the field of development psychology, the process of growth, maturation and change, has traditionally been seen as a process inherent in childhood. Erik Erikson was one of the first theorists who believed that development continues throughout life. He developed a theory of development, according to which a person throughout life is eight stages of development. At each stage, there is a particular conflict that they must resolve in order to successfully develop further. At each stage, there is a particular conflict that they must resolve in order to successfully develop further. It is believed that the crisis remained unresolved or poorly resolved, continue to occur throughout life, they can be accessed and resolve them at a later stage (Goethals, 1976).
Erik Erikson's sixth stage of psychosocial development covers approximately the age range of 18 to 40 years. In this period, of life of young adults developed close relationships with others. Erikson believes that a consolidated ego identity opens a prerequisite to experience intimacy. If a person opened another can take the place of "I" a "we". It should not be able to open themselves up to another human being, must be expected to arise only superficial relationships, which leads to the feeling of isolation. Intimacy is not only given by the fact that there are sexual relations, since these can be present without being open to the partner or partner, and they developed a 'we-experience' (Crunden, 1973).
Young Adulthood: Intimacy - Isolation (18-40)
At this stage, I learned to build a close relationship both in friendship and fell in love. Successful resolution of this problem depends on the preceding stages. For example, difficulties in establishing intimate relationships may occur if a person has a sense of undeveloped basal confidence or sense of self-identity. I started establishing intimate relationships with other people. An alternative is alienation, isolation, fear of attachment and the inability to commit him to ...
Intimacy versus isolation is the sixth stage of Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development. This stage takes place during young adulthood between the ages of approximately 19 and 40. During this period, the major conflict centers on forming intimate, loving relationships with other people.
Understanding Psychosocial Development Theory
Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development proposes that people pass through a series of stages centered on social and emotional development.
At each point in a person’s life, he or she faces a developmental conflict that must be resolved. People who overcome these conflicts are able to achieve psychological skills that ultimately last the rest of a person’s life. Those who fail to master these challenges will continue to struggle.
One thing that made Erikson’s theory unique is that unlike many other developmental theories, the psychosocial stages look at how people change and grow over the course of the entire lifetime.
An Overview of the Intimacy Versus Isolation Stage
This sixth stage of psychosocial development consists of:
- Psychosocial Conflict: Intimacy versus isolation
- Major Question: "Will I be loved or will I be alone?"
- Basic Virtue: Love
- Important Event(s):Romantic Relationships
What Happens During This Stage
Erikson believed it was vital that people develop close, committed relationships with other people. These emotionally intimate relationships as people enter adulthood play the critical role in the intimacy versus isolation stage.
Such relationships are often romantic in nature, but Erikson believed that close friendships were also important. Erikson described intimate relationships as those characterized by closeness, honesty, and love.
People who are successful in resolving the conflict of the intimacy versus isolation stage are able to develop deep, meaningful relationships with others.
They have close, lasting romantic relationships, but they also forge strong relationships with family and friends.
Success leads to strong relationships, while failure results in loneliness and isolation. Adults who struggle with this stage experience poor romantic relationships. They might never share deep intimacy with their partners or might even struggle to develop any relationships at all. This can be particularly difficult as these individuals watch friends and acquaintances fall in love, get married, and start families. Those who struggle to form intimacy with others are often left feeling lonely and isolated. Some individuals may feel particularly lonely if they struggle to form close friendships with others.
A Sense of Self Contributes to Intimacy or Isolation
While psychosocial theory is often presented as a series of neatly defined, sequential steps, it is important to remember that each stage contributes to the next. For example, Erikson believed that having a fully formed sense of self (established during the identity versus confusion stage) is essential to being able to form intimate relationships. Studies have demonstrated that those with a poor sense of self-tend to have less committed relationships and are more likely to suffer emotional isolation, loneliness, and depression.
Erikson, EH. Childhood and Society. 2nd ed. New York: Norton; 1963.
Erikson, EH. Identity: Youth and Crisis. New York: Norton; 1968.
Erikson, EH. The Life Cycle Completed. New York/London: Norton; 1982.